The opponent, Prof. R. Harald Baayen from the University of Alberta (Canada), provided an interesting discussion. It started by the notion of movement away Chomskyan intuition-based language analysis towards corpus analysis that studies how language works with statistical methods. It was followed by complex questions: Are grammars probabilistic? If so, how does the brain handle probabilities? Why does language allow synonymy? How to handle inter-dependencies between predictors? Language changes, how about the models?
Prof. Baayen mentioned the recently started Journal of Empirical Linguistics, which accepts only replicatable submissions that have to include all scripts that can be used to re-produce the results reported in the paper.